RBEI MASTER COURSES: EQUINE MANAGEMENT: GROOMING 2
EQUINE GROOMING ROUTINE
The standard grooming process takes about an hour a day and it is to maintain your horse in good condition externally. It is handy to keep your grooming kit in a bucket to have all your kit closely available, along with your first aid basic medical kit. Always brush hair in the direction it grows.
1) INITIAL CHECK OVER: The first thing you should do when you start your grooming process is to check your horse all over for any injuries or for anything abnormal, making sure your horse is ok and all is in order.
2) DANDY BRUSH: Using the Dandy brush remove mud / dirt carefully in a light flicking motion. Clean this brush by running it along mesh or over the corner of a post.
3) DEMALTER / RUBBER CURRY COMB: Use this only on the body and upper legs gently, not lower legs. This is the brush you should use most, it gets all the dirt and hair and dust off your horse well, picking a lot up in it's grooves. Clean this by banging it on a flat surface so all the dust falls out. You should clean the brush repeatedly during brushing. This brush is the one that will create a shiny glossy coat because it massages the horses skin so well while grooming.
4) BODY BRUSH: This will pick up all the loose finer dust and loose hair the demalter leaves behind, as well as smooth and polish the horses coat nicely. Use this on the whole leg also. Clean this brush repeatedly by running it along mesh or over the corner of a post as you go.
5) SOFT FACE BRUSH: Use this to gently brush your horses face. Can also be used after the body brush over the whole body to gently smooth and polish further. Horses faces are more sensitive than their bodies and gentleness is necessary.
6) MANE & TAIL BRUSH: Brush the mane gently and the forelock very gently. When grooming the tail do not pull on it, hold the tail half way up in one hand and brush below the holding point so you aren't repeatedly pulling on the horses tail while brushing which will not be appreciated. Work through the tail in sections holding the parts up in one hand so you don't pull on the horses tail.
7) PICK OUT HOOVES: The aim is to gently remove dirt and any foreign objects from the hooves. Small stones or objects can become wedged or stuck in the hooves and cause stone bruises / abcesses. You should start at the corner of the frog in between the frog and bar of the hoof and flick the wedged dirt out. Never dig into the hoof. Use the brush to gently remove remaining dirt. Use the Brush to also remove dirt from the outside wall while the horse has it's hoof on the ground.
You pick up hooves by running your hand down the leg gently then lifting at the fetlock joint. As soon as the horse has lifted the leg rest the hoof in your cupped hand, Never hold onto a leg while picking out, this will offend the horse and with back legs will cause horses to kick, only the hoof. Never drop the hoof when finished, rather say a statement they will come to recognize that you are finished, which you don't say at any other time, and gently slide the horses leg through your hand and gently onto the ground. If you drop hooves without warning, horses will try to put hooves down while you are picking them out.
8) OIL HOOVES: Using Stockholm Tar pick up hooves and paint the inside of hooves, if using stockholm tar you can lightly paint the frog also and this will keep it healthy, or leave it clean, however don't plaster the frog like you do the rest of the hoof. Then paint all the outside hoof walls, make sure you do the coronet band which is where the hooves grow from and the most important part to paint.
9) EYE & NOSE SPONGE: The sponge should be clean and dampened. Clean nostrils and eyes gently.
10) HINDQUARTERS SPONGE: Using damp clean allocated sponge clean rear end of any manure, sweat etc.
11) SCISSORS & BOT KNIFE: Trim bridle and cover paths, tails, ear wax, remove bot eggs etc, as necessary.
12) BODY TOWEL: Can be used very slightly damp, run over to remove last traces of dust and to polish coat.
13) FACE CLOTH: Run over face to remove last traces of dust and to polish face, making sure ears are also clean.
14) MEDICAL CARE: Lastly you should treat any cuts, scrapes, nicks, ailments during your daily grooming routine if your horse is going back to his paddock / stable afterwards. If you are going for a ride you should put Vasaline / Petroleum Jelly on the corners of your horses mouth before putting the bridle on where the bit pulls on the sides of their mouth.
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