RBEI MASTER COURSES: EQUINE MANAGEMENT: PSYCHOLOGY 2
SOME KEY FACTS TO KNOW ABOUT HORSES:
Understand almost all English, and also language and communication tones, i.e; angry, scared, happy, relaxed etc...
Take pride in their appearance.
Take pride in and get a sense of achievement from achieving training and goals set by you.
Understand a lot about their career / purpose of use and try to achieve within their career / purpose of use.
Understand if you stand within hearing range and put them down in conversation to others and can get angry or sad about it.
Can feel depressed.
Can feel frustrated.
Are often frustrated when they feel they can't understand what is being asked of them or they are confused about what is required of them.
Become very anxious if left without access to food or water for any length of time.
Carry psychological trauma all their lives if weaned and taken from their mother.
Become hysterical when taken from friends, horse and human.
Remember people and horses they have met before.
Have a social status in their group or herd which changes often.
Have social drama's and relationship drama that happens often.
Most mares tend to want to 'baby' or adopt anything young, small and weak.
The older more mature horses will communicate to younger horses to behave for you.
The mares teach their foals how to behave respectfully around humans.
Can't concentrate on you when they are distracted with mental trauma of some kind, ie; taken from friends.
Can become hateful of all people through very repetitive bad treatment.
Can be claustrophobic in stables, floats or crushes or small confined spaces and panic.
Will communicate with people as much as people will listen.
Will tend to trust all people if it has had kind treatment from people.
Will tend to mistrust all people if it has had hard treatment from people.
Will be confident, relaxed and non-spooky if it trusts it's current human.
Will be spooky, cautious, nervous, and fearful of everything if it does not trust it's current human.
Will go from being relaxed, calm and quiet with everything to nervous, spooky and flighty instantly if it doesn't trust it's current human.
Trust with horses is gained in minutes and taken away in minutes. Therefore trust must be maintained.
A horse can be a quiet ride all their life, and change to be unpredictable if it doesn't trust it's current human.
Will watch how his owner treats other horses and become nervous if it is hard treatment.
Will watch other people in their environment and how they treat their horses and become very nervous if it is hard treatment.
Will bottle up any frustration and then throw a wobbly.
Worry and fret about other horses they can see that are unhappy or mistreated.
Like children often don't know what is best for them and so require guidance.
If are overly micromanaged or controlled will stop thinking altogether and do silly things like walk into walls.
Will be stressed and itchy if not able to wash themselves or be washed daily. Daily in the wild they bathe themselves.
Only sleep for 3 -4 hours during the day or night, maximum, at a time, some sleep is done standing up also, with their knees locked into place.
Tend to nap or want to nap around noon.
Tend to roll or want to roll around 10am.
Will not lie down to sleep or roll if they feel unsafe in their environment.
Mothers with foals will tend to exercise the foals in the morning making them run and running with them.
Mares will take turns babysitting foals.
One horse in the group has to stay awake and keep watch while the others sleep. Normally they take turns.
There is one in the group the others will use and push to go and investigate all the scary things.
The lead horse or boss in the group can be quite controlling of when everyone eats, sleeps, picks, rolls etc... and who gets to do what.
The lead horses best friend is often delegated to and does all the work keeping the herd in line.
Horses see rugging and feeding as a privilege and good thing and so rugging and feeding extra to an underdog in a group can cause a promotion up the group hierarchy. Obviously the extra feed would have to be out of the paddock.
More mature horses may at times help you discipline a horse in their group that is being rebellious or naughty with you.
Horses never fake an injury or soreness.
Horses will feel more safe when they can see far into the distance around them for any predators, so will be more comfortable and settled up on high ground where they can see all around and less comfortable and settled kept in an obscure nook somewhere low down.
Do not like the smell of smoke, for fear they can't get away from the fire. They know what fire is.
Get nervous in very dry climates where there is no water around that they will not be able to find water.
In a group mares tend to want to hang out together and geldings together, but when mares come into season and then off season all the dynamics change. There will also be girlfriend, boyfriend pairing off which also changes from time to time.
Horses hate it when you patronize or speak down to them. They will lose respect and tend to not want to listen to anyone who speaks or treats them in a puffed up patronizing way unfairly. We need to be respectful and humble in our approach to them, like a parent, child relationship.
Horses, like a child, will not want to make eye contact if you are giving them a lecture about something they have just done.
Horses will not like you pointing a finger at them while giving a lecture.
Horses when misbehaving can be stopped, make them look you in the eyes and point your finger and explain to them what you don't want etc... kindly, and this is often enough to pull them into line and make them lose the attitude, just like a child. They really don't like it and, as long as you are always fair and always respectful, they will listen.
Horses cannot be disciplined for anything in any other moment other than when they have just done the naughty thing, or they do not associate the discipline with the naughty thing. If you discipline a horse 5 minutes later it will just think you are cruel and unfair and not learn.
If you take away nice things or opportunities as discipline, thinking the horse will know why, you will only make the horse think you are cruel and unfair. He will not associate the discipline with the act.
If a horse thinks you are unfair, cruel or fearful he will not listen to you generally and overreact over nothing.
If a horse is allowed to have a bad attitude with you during riding and handling he will also have a bad attitude in the paddock with other horses and with everything.
If a horse is respected and respectful in their riding and handling they will also be respectful and have a good attitude in their paddock life.
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